Perspective on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) versus Emotional Quotient (EQ)
IQ, or intelligence quotient, is a numerical score derived from one of several standardized tests designed to assess an individual’s intelligence. It measures numeric-linguistic and logical abilities. Since IQ is the measure of ‘intelligence’ or general intelligence, which is believed to be inborn, therefore, a high IQ can’t be developed if one is not endowed with it already.
EQ, on the other hand, is not a numerical score. EQ stands for emotional quotient, which represents the relative measure of a person’s healthy or unhealthy development of his innate potential for emotional intelligence (EI). Two persons with the same level of IQ may have different levels of EQ because EQ is the product of socialization. The development of EQ takes place because of the emotional lessons obtained from parents, teachers etc.
EQ is believed to be a better indicator of success in the workplace. People with high EQ usually make great leaders and team players because of their ability to understand, empathize, and connect with the people around them. According to Goleman, success in the workplace is about 80% or more dependent on EQ and about 20% or less dependent upon IQ. As a result, many persons, with a high IQ, may not be successful in life, while contrary to this, most successful people are high on EQ. The success of most professions today depends on our ability to read other people’s signals and react appropriately to them.