Belief is an internal feeling that something is true, even if it is unproven or irrational; things we hold to be true. Belief is the simplest form of mental representation and, therefore, the building block of our thought process.
Beliefs are the ideas, viewpoints and attitudes of a particular individual/group/society. They consist of fables, myths, folklore, traditions, and superstition. They can also be true and verifiable facts, history or legends.
Beliefs lay the foundation of a cultural group, but they are often invisible to the group that holds them. They are important because they give us hope. A human being thrives on what he/she believes in.
However, beliefs can be challenged. Peripheral beliefs can also be changed. Two people might have different beliefs about a phenomenon – as simple as a glass being half empty or half full, to complex theological questions such as how did earth or life come to be? Beliefs evoke emotions, but not-necessarily actions
Belief is also referred to as cognition.
Belief can be-
Peripheral (weak) and
Core (strong)- Beliefs formed by direct interaction are strong, such as for patriarchs, women are weak.
Value= Belief + Emotions
Values are the inbuilt mechanism of an individual or a group to decide what is right or wrong. Or,
Values are what is considered ‘important’ by an individual/society/organization. Or,
Values are important and lasting beliefs or ideas within an individual/Society about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable.
Values are gathered through external environment, family, as well as experiences.
Value denotes the degree of importance of something (or even an action). Values help in determining what actions are best to do.