Biomedical waste, also known as healthcare or medical waste, refers to any waste generated during healthcare activities that may pose a threat to human health or the environment.
This waste includes sharps (needles, syringes), pathological waste (tissues, organs), pharmaceutical waste (expired medications), infectious waste (contaminated materials), and chemical waste (solvents, disinfectants). Proper management of biomedical waste is crucial to prevent the spread of infections and protect public health.
It involves segregation, collection, storage, transportation, treatment, and disposal in accordance with guidelines and regulations. Improper handling and disposal of biomedical waste can lead to the transmission of diseases, contamination of water and soil, and harm to healthcare workers, waste handlers, and the general public.
Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
Bio-medical waste has been classified in to 4 categories instead 10 to improve the segregation of waste at source and these 4 categories have colour-code.