Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
- It is a global multi-stakeholder partnership that includes national governments, UN agencies and programs, multilateral development banks and finance mechanisms, the business sector, and knowledge institutions.
- Prime Minister launched CDRI during the UN Climate Action Summit in 2019.
- Aims to promote resilience of new and existing infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks in support of sustainable development.
- CDRI Secretariat is based in New Delhi, India.
- Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) highlights role of improved disaster resilience of infrastructure as a cornerstone for sustainable development.
- Target on infrastructure is an important prerequisite to achieving the other loss reduction targets set out in the framework.
- Between 2016 and 2040, global annual infrastructure investment needs are estimated at USD 3.7 trillion per year. Thus, there is a clear case for ensuring that all future infrastructure systems are resilient in the face of disasters to protect our investments.
Significance for India
- Provide a platform for India to emerge as a global leader on climate Action and Disaster Resilience.
- CDRI boosts India’s soft power, but more importantly it has wider connotation than just economics, as synergy between disaster risk reduction, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Climate Accord provides for sustainable and inclusive growth.
- Complement the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
- Facilitate India’s support to resilient infrastructure in Africa, Asia, etc.
- Provide access to knowledge, technology and capacity development for infra developers.
- Create opportunities for Indian infrastructure & technology firms to expand services abroad.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework)
- First major agreement of post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action.
- Aims for following outcome: Substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries.
- Reduce global disaster mortality.
- Reduce the number of affected people.
- Reduce direct disaster economic loss.
- Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and build back better.
PM’s 10 Point Agenda on Disaster Risk Reduction
1. All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
2. Risk coverage must include all, starting from poor households to SMEs to MNCs to nation states.
3. Women’s leadership and greater involvement should be central to disaster risk management.
4. Invest in risk mapping to improve understanding of nature and risks of disasters.
5. Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of disaster risk management efforts.
6. Develop a network of universities to work on disaster related issues.
7. Utilise the opportunities provided by social media and mobile technologies for disaster risk reduction.
8. Build on local capacity and initiative to enhance disaster risk reduction.
9. Make use of every opportunity to learn from disasters, and to achieve that, there must be studies on the lessons after every disaster.
10. Bring about greater cohesion in international response to disasters.