Vesara Temple Architecture Under Hoysala Empire

  • A cuboid cell, the garbha griha (sanctum sanctorum) houses a centrally placed murti (enshrined icon) on a pitha (pedestal).
  • The shikhara rises over the garbha griha and together with the sanctum they form the vimana (or mulaprasada) of a temple.
  • A ribbed stone, amalaka, is placed atop the shikhara with a kalash at its finial.
  • An intermediate antarala (vestibule) joins the garbha griha to an expansive pillared mandapa (porch) in front, chiefly facing east (or north).
  • In the prakaram (temple courtyard), various little shrines and outbuildings frequently flourish.
  • The temple may be reached by entrances with enormous gopurams (ornate entry towers) towering over each doorway.
  • The vimanas can have an orthogonal, semi-stellate, or stellate layout.
  • The Hoysala temples are known for their intricately carved banded plinths, which are composed of horizontal courses that run as rectangular strips with narrow recesses between them.
  • In addition, the temples themselves are occasionally constructed on a raised platform called a jagati that is used for pradakshinapatha (circumambulation).
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Fig: Chennakesava Temple in Belur

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