- Earliest example of miniature painting in India exist in the form of illustrations of religious texts on Buddhism (Vajrayana Buddhism) executed under Palas.
- Large number of manuscripts on palm-leaf related to Buddhist themes were written and illustrated with image of Buddhist deities and workshops for casting of bronze images.
- Characterised by sinuous lines and subdued tones of colour. It is a naturalistic style which resembles ideal forms of contemporary bronze and stone sculpture and reflects classical art of Ajanta. Ex. Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita (Perfection of wisdom).
Fig: Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita
- Nalanda, Odantapuri, Vikramsila and Somarupa were great centres of Buddhist learning and art.