- Iberian architecture was brought over by the Portuguese.
- They constructed trading terminals and warehouses that were ultimately transformed into fortified cities.
- They also brought the idea of “Patio houses” and “Baroque style,” which symbolise the power of the Church.
- They used clashing colours (contrasting colour).
- Examples: Se Cathedral in Goa, Basilica of Bom Jesus (Holy Jesus), Goa.
Fig: Cathedral of Goa
- The idea of urban city planning was introduced.
- French architecture utilized local raw materials and considered the local climate.
- They also popularised the idea of faceless architecture, which has plain facades with minimal adornment and design, similar to modern structures.
- The architectural style included French shutter windows, carvings on archways, and thin street fronts, blending nicely with traditional Bengali homes’ courtyards and backyard gardens.
- Also built coastal towns of Yanam (Andhra Pradesh), Karaikal (Tamil Nadu), and Mahe (Kerala).
- Examples include the Sacred Heart Church in Chandannagar and the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Puducherry.
Fig: Sacred Heart Church in Chandannagar
- The Indo-Gothic architectural style(fusion of Gothic, Persian and Indian architectural form) also known as Victorian Style was introduced by the British.
- Features: Use of large windows.
- Large constructions
- Pointed arches and walls
- It was through them that the first introduction to elementary modern building construction through steel,iron and concrete were used and planning was introduced into India.
- Examples: Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, Gateway of India in Mumbai, etc.
Fig: Gateway of India,Mumbai
- Neo-Roman Style/Neo-Classical style was introduced.
- The most significant architectural phenomenon that took place during the first half of this century in this country was building of Imperial Delhi.
- Features: Circular building
- During this stage, the idea of an inverted dome was adopted.
- Example: President Estate
Fig: President Estate