List of Embroideries in India Part-I

Khes Weaving

  • Located in: Panipat,Haryana
  • It is a thick, checked cotton and silk fabric that is woven with traditional geometric patterns, in which the two sides appear differently. Most used as a bedding material.

Tapestry Weaving

  • Located in: Panipat, Haryana
  • One of the oldest forms of woven textile. It is used to create most beautiful pieces of wall art.
  • Tapestries often look like they are crafted from brushstrokes, but they are woven, not painted. Wool is the material used for creating these.

Chamba Rumal

  • Located in: Chamba, Himachal Pradesh
  • Embroidered representations of Pahari miniatures of the region. Usually practiced by women in the region.
  • They are made of hand-spun cotton or fine muslin and finely embroidered by hand.

Thigma or Wool tie-dye

  • Located in: Ladakh
  • Tie-dye design based that is patterned on wool. Found across Ladakh, Zanskar and other trans-Himalayan, high altitude regions.

Danka Embroidery

  • Located in: Udaipur, Rajasthan
  • Textile is decorated using small-faceted metallic plates that are stitched on the cloth by hand with zari (golden) yarn.

Split-ply braid Weaving

  • Located in: Rajasthan
  • These weaves were traditionally made by men while tending their flocks of camels and goats. These weaves were strong enough to be used to girth camels in the Thar Desert. 

Awadh Jamdani

  • Located in: Varanasi,UP
  • Jamdanis was fine cotton of flowered muslins. They are rarest, finest and most sophisticated weave of Indian loom. Jamdani weaving flourished in North India at Lucknow,  Jals, Varanasi and Tanda.
  • It was patronised by Nawabs of Awadh and Rajas of Varanasi.

Baluchari Weaving

  • Located in: Varanasi.UP
  • They are silk saris woven in the Baluchari tradition are characterised by elaborate motifs on the border and pallu depicting mythological and contemporary scenes.
  • Baluchari sari originated in Baluchar Village of Murshidabad, West Bengal in 18th century. Later the tradition of this sari was revived in Varanasi by master weaver Ali Hassan

Badla or Mukaish Embroidery

  • Located in: Lucknow,UP
  • An embroidery style that entails twisting thin metallic threads to make raised high relief patterned embellishments on textile. Patronised by Nawabs of Awadh.

Gyasar Weaving

  • Located in: Varanasi, UP
  • Traditionally woven motifs that are customarily used in Buddhist ceremonial costumes. Amalgamates elements of satin silk style weaving with weaving techniques of Varanasi.
  • Kinkhwab: They mean ‘little dreams’ in Urdu or cloth of gold. They were woven with pure gold and silver zari system.
  • Nakshaband: They were master weavers who translated artworks on to the loom.  

Hand block-Printing

  • Located in: Farrukhabad,UP
  • Printed with carved wooden blocks that are hand-stamped on the cloth. It uses tree of life pattern – flowering trees dense with buds and branches, with birds and animals printed within branches.
  • Paisley motif (mango) interpreted in a vast variety of shapes, sizes and intricate detailing is also used. 

Kunbi Weaving

  • Located in: Goa
  • Checked cotton weave sari. Patterned in checks with the size of the check varying from community to community.
  • It was traditionally worn by agricultural Kunbi and Gawda communities of Goa.

Ashavali Sari Weaving

  • Located in: Ahmedabad,Gujarat
  • They are silk sarees having rich enamelled look, dense patterning and use of metallic zari yarns.
  • The saree is named after the city of Ashaval, which was the place where the larger town of Ahmedabad was established Ahmad Shah in 15th century.

Kusti Weaving

  • Located in: Navsari,Gujarat
  • Part of Parsi tradition, every member of Parsi community is required to wear the sacred woven girdle called Kusti around the neck.
  • It is made from lamb’s wool or white camel’s hair.

Mashru Weaving

  • Located in: Gujarat
  • Mashru employs a silk overlay on a cotton base and was considered permissible for Muslims. Once commonly worn by Muslims since the sacred law forbade the wearing of silk against the body Mashru meant permissible.
  • Historically, used by Rabari and Ahir pastoral communities of Kutch.


  • Located in: Ahmedabad,Gujarat
  • It is a densely painted and block printed shrine cloth depicts legends of mother goddess worshiped by nomadic Vaghari community of Gujarat.

Patola Weaving

  • Located in: Patan,Gujarat
  • These are finest examples of Ikat weaving with striking designs and complex workmanship. Historically, weavers of it came from Salvi community.
  • It uses the unique bandhana technique of tie-dyeing, which employs a range of shades along the length of every single silk or cotton thread.

Rogan Textile Painting

  • Located in: Nirona, Gujarat
  • A thick paste of paint made with boiled castor oil and dyes is used to decorate fabric with an iron stylus. Patronised by Ahir community of Kutch.
  • It is only practiced by men of the families and it is believed that women will take the closely guarded secret to their in-laws.

Sujani Weaving

  • Located in: Bharuch,Gujarat
  • It is a double cloth weave with chequerboard patterning that is filled with cotton batting to create a quilt on the handloom.

Tangaliya Weaving

  • Located in: Gujarat
  • It employs a process by which geometrical patterns are formed on a fabric by creating dana (beaded dots) in high relief, giving the effect of bead embroidery.
  • Practiced by Dangasia community of Gujarat.
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