Jain Sculpture

  • Common themes in Jain painting and sculpture are the Tirthankaras, or saviours; the yakshas and yakshinis, or supernatural guardian deities, and symbols such as the lotus and the swastika, which represent peace and well-being.
  • Ayagapata is a type of votive slab or tablet associated with worship in Jainism; the slabs are decorated with objects and designs central to Jain worship. These include the stupa, dharmacakra, and triratna.
  • A colossal monolithic statue of Bahubali at Shravanbelagola, the Jain siddha (one who has attained spiritual salvation), is one of the most sacred pilgrimage sites for Jain worshipers. The statue was carved in 981 CE out of a single block of granite; it is entirely nude, customary in the Jain tradition.
  • In North India, Ujjain and Mathura were important centres of Jainism.  Kankali Tila of Mathura is associated with Jains.
  • Gomateshvar in Shravanabelagola, Karnataka: Built in 983 AD. Largest statue of Jain tirthankara Bahubali.
  • Ayagapata: They are religious slabs associated with Jainism. Many such Ayagapatas have been found at Kankali Tila at Mathura.
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