Rajput Kingdoms

Major kingdoms: Parmars, Chandelas, Solankis and Chahamanas

Polity and Bureaucracy of Rajput Kingdoms:

  • Kings were assisted by the dedicated bureaucracy (Sri-Karana or Chief secretariat and Vyaya Karana or the accounts department)
  • Council of minister included mahasandhivigrahika (minister of peace) and mahapradhana (chief minister)
  • Exercise of Important governmental functions were gradually being linked up with landholding
  • Landed aristocracy practiced the samanta system (feudalism). This led to the rise of new classes of people such as ranaka, rauta, Thakur, samanta, mahasamanta. Feudatories owed fiscal and military obligations to the overlord. 
  • Centralization tended to be very weak meaning fragmentation of political authority. 

Revenue System of Rajput Kingdoms:

  • The revenue system was mainly based on land tax.
  • Certain levies on trade and commerce too were collected.
  • Revenue system was under great pressure because of feudal economy.
  • Centralised revenue system lost relevance.
  • It rested on feudal tribute.
  • oppression end immobility of peasants
  • restricted use of metal money

Society and Culture of Rajput Kingdoms:

  • Main profession of the Rajputs was fighting in defence of his clan and its chief.
  • Village communities in Rajput societies were governed by their panchayats
  • No purdah system
  • Swayamvar was in vogue among the princesses
  • Rigid caste system, sati, child marriage and ban of widow remarriage were very common among the Rajputs.
  • Most of the workers like weavers, fishermen, barbers, etc. as well as tribal were treated very harshly.
  • Education was confined to a small section.
  • They were champions of Hinduism.
  • Temple architecture reached the zenith (Khajuraho temples)
  • Vastupala, a famous minister of the Chalukyan ruler Bhima in Gujarat, was a writer and patron of scholars and the builder of the beautiful Jain temple at Mt. Abu. Ujjain.
  • Dhara, capital of Paramara rulers, was a famous centre for Sanskrit learning.
  • Jain scholar Hemchandra wrote both in Sanskrit and Apabhramsa.
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