Jain Art & Architecture

  • Jainism has influenced and contributed to many artistic spheres in India, such as sculpture, architecture etc. Modern and medieval Jains built many temples, especially in western India. The earliest Jain monuments were temples based on the Brahmanical Hindu temple plan and monasteries for Jain monks.
  • Examples: Gomateshvar in Shravanabelagola, Karnataka: Built in 983 AD. Largest statue of Jain tirthankara Bahubali.
    • Dilwara temple, Mt. Abu: Built by Chalukyan ruler of Gujarat, Bhimadeva (1031 AD).
    • Udayagiri-Khandagiri caves in Odisha: (35 Jain caves) Hathigumpha inscription of Kharavela is found here.
    • Khajuraho temple complex: Consists of Jain temples dating from 10th and 11th century. Of significance is Parshwanath temple.
    • Ellora caves too consist of Jain caves. Indrasabha cave is famous.
    • Ayagapata: They are religious slabs associated with Jainism. Many such Ayagapatas have been found at Kankali Tila at Mathura.
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