Gupta’s Art & Culture

  • The architecture divided into following parts:
    • Rock-cut caves: The rock-cut caves continue the old forms to a large extent but possess striking novelty by bringing about extensive changes in the ornamentation of the facade and in the designs of the pillars in the interior.
      • Most notable groups of rock-cut caves are found at Ajanta and Ellora (Maharashtra) and Bagh (MP). The Udayagiri caves (Odisha) are also of this type.
    • Temples: For the first time temples in the form of structures were constructed in north India, during Gupta time. These temples were made in the architectural style known as Nagara.
      • Example: Varah Temple (Madhya Pradesh), Kankali Temple (M.P)
    • Stupas: Mirpur Khas (Sindh), Ratnagiri (Orissa).
    • Sculpture: A good specimen of stone sculpture is of Buddha from Sarnath. Of the Brahmanical images, most impressive is Great Boar (Varaha), at the entrance of a cave at Udayagiri.
      • Metal Statues: Art of casting statues on a large scale was practiced by Gupta period craftsmen with conspicuous success. A copper image of the Buddha, about eighteen feet high at Nalanda in Bihar, and Sultanganj Buddha of seven and a half feet.
    • Painting: Remains of paintings of this period are found at Ajanta, Bagh, Badami and other places. The art of Ajanta and Bagh shows the ‘Madhyadesa School ‘ of painting at its best.
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