Gupta Administration

  • The royal seal bore the imprint of Garuda.
  • Started in the Deccan by the Satavahanas, the practice of granting land and fiscal administrative concessions to priests and administrators became regular affairs in the Gupta times.
  • Decentralisation of the administration authority began.
  • For the first time civil and criminal law were clearly defined and demarcated.
  • The kings were assisted by a council of ministers.
  • The village headmen became more important than before.
  • Sandhivigrahaka: Minister of peace, war and foreign affairs. This office first appears under Samudragupta.
  • Khadyatapakik: Head of royal kitchen.
  • Mahadandanayaka: Head of police department and Chief Justice of Judiciary.
  • Empire was divided into Bhuktis headed by Uparika, Bhuktis into districts called Vishayas, head by Vishyapati, Vishayas into Vithis and Vithis into Villages.
  • King’s standing army was supplemented by forces occasionally supplied by the feudatories.
  • Senabhakta was a form of tax i.e., the army was to be fed by the people whenever it passed through the countryside.
  • Forced labour or Vishti was practiced in royal army.
  • Horse archery became prominent in military tactics.
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