Buddha’s Life

  • Buddha was born at Lumbini village of Kapilavastu Nepal in 563 BC in the Shakya Kshatriya clan.
  • His clan considered themselves to be descendants of Ikshvaku dynasty.
  • He died in 483 BC near Kushinara (Kushinagar, UP) and the event is known as Mahaparinirvana.
  • Mahabhiraskramana or the Great Going Forth is the event when Gautam Buddha left his home and discarded worldly life.
  • His first teacher was Alara Kalama from whom he learnt the technique of Meditation.

Discovering Buddha’s Path

  • After leaving his home in search of enlightenment Buddha visited Vaishali and learnt Sankhya darshan.
  • He then went to Rajgriha and learned yoga.
  • He later went to Uruvela(Bodh Gaya) on the bank of river Niranjana(Falgu) where he attained enlightenment(Nirvana) at the age of 35. This event is known as Sambodhi.
  • He then went on to Sarnath where he delivered his first sermon also called Dharmachakrapravartana.
  • Buddha delivered his maximum sermons from Shravasti and made Magadha his promotional centre.
  • Ashta-mahasthana refers to the eight significant places associated with the life of Buddha. These include: Lumbini, Bodh Gaya, Sarnath, Kushinagar, Shravasti, Sankissa, Rajgriha and Vaishali.

Chronology of places Buddha visited

Kapilavastu(563 BC) – Bodhgaya(500 BC) – Sarnath(528 BC) – Kushinagar(483 BC)

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