Anand Mohan Bose
- Founder member of the Indian Association of Calcutta (1876), Indian National Conference (1883) and Indian National Congress (1885).
- Presided over the Madras Session of INC (1898).
Aruna Asaf Ali
- Nicknamed Aruna Ganguli, she married Asaf Ali, India’s first Ambassador to the USA.
- She was imprisoned during the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930, 1932) and for participating in Individual Satyagraha (1940).
- In 1942, she hoisted the Indian National Congress Flag tricolour at Mumbai’s Gowalia Tank Grounds.
- Elected as the first Mayor of Delhi, in 1958.
- Awarded International Lenin Prize in 1964.
- Newspapers— Link and Patriot.
- He was the first Barrister in Bombay.
- Appointed to Bombay Bench in 1895 and 1902 and became the second Indian Chief Justice.
- He advocated Tilak’s case on seditious writings in the latter’s journal, Kesari.
- Founder member of Bombay Legislative Council (1882) and INC (1885).
- Presided over the third INC Session in Madras.
- Stressed upon modernization of Muslims and served as President of Bombay-based Anjuman-i-Islam.
C R Das
- A lawyer by profession, he defended Aurobindo in the Alipore Bomb Conspiracy case.
- He was a member of the Congress Enquiry Committee set up to investigate Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
- He founded the All-India Swaraj Party in 1923.
- He was elected as the first Mayor of the Calcutta Co-operation in 1924.
- Prepared Das Formula for Hindu-Muslim Co-operation.
- He was nicknamed Deshbandhu Chittaranjan.
- Wrote: Malancha (poems), Mala, Antaryami, Kishore-Kishoree and Sagar-Sangit.
- Newspapers: Narayana (Bengali monthly) & Forward.
- First to demand ‘Swaraj” in Calcutta Session of INC, 1906.
- Title — “Indian Gladstone,” “Grand Old Man of India.’
- First Indian to be selected to the “House of Commons” on Liberal Party ticket.
- He highlighted the draining of wealth from India by the British and its effect in his book “Poverty and un-British Rule in India “(1901).
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
- Participated in Swadeshi Movement (established Bihari Students, Conference), Champaran Satyagraha, NCM, CDM and Quit India Movement.
- Founded the National College at Patna.
- Minister in charge of Food and Agriculture in the Interim Government (1946).
- President of the Constituent Assembly.
- First President of the Indian Republic.
- Honoured with ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1962.
- Newspaper — Desh (Hindi weekly).
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
- Gandhiji regarded him as his political guru.
- President of Banaras Session of INC, 1905, which supported the Swadeshi Movement.
- Founded Servants of Indian Society in 1905, to train people who would work as national missionaries.
Madan Mohan Malviya
- A moderate leader and lawyer by profession, he served the provincial and central legislature for many terms.
- Through his efforts, a memorial was built at the Jallianwala Bagh site.
- Founded the Nationalist Party in 1926.
- Appointed Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University.
- Editor of Hindustan, Abhyudaya & Indian Union papers
- A lawyer by profession, Motilal became an active supporter of the Home Rule Movement in 1916 and started the journal ‘The Independent’.
- He headed the Congress Commission looking into the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
- He gave up his practice during NCM and was arrested following the visit of Prince Wales.
- He founded the Swaraj Party along with CR Das.
- He renamed Anand Bhawan Swaraj Bhawan and gifted it to Congress.
Mohammad Ali Jinnah
- Inspired by the ideas of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
- In 1906, he signed a memorandum against separate electorates for Muslims.
- Joined the All-India Muslim League in 1913 and played a key role in signing or Lucknow Pact.
- In 1917, joined the Home Rule Movement of Annie Besant.
- His differences with Congress began after the entry of Gandhiji in Congress. He opposed the NCM of Gandhiji.
- In 1929, he proposed his Fourteen Point Demands.
- Lahore Session of Muslim League (1940) passed Pakistan Resolution demanding a separate state for Muslims. Jinnah stuck to League’s demand in all negotiations with Britain.
- He was a poet, philosopher, educationist, internationalist and patriot.
- He has his elder brother, Satyendra Nath Tagore, the first Indian to become an ICS.
- His first poem was published in the ‘Amrit Bazar Patrika’ and then he wrote ‘Banaphul’ (story and ‘Bhanusinher Padavali’ (series of lyrics).
- Founded Shantiniketan in, 1901.
- Wrote ‘Gitanjali’, for which Nobel Prize was awarded to him in 1913.
- Inaugurated Raksha Bandhan festival to oppose the Partition of Bengal (1905).
- Founded Vishwa Bharati University.
- In 1915, British Crown granted him a ‘knighthood’ which he renounced after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
- His compositions were chosen as the National Anthem of two nations:
- India — Jana Gana Mana
- Bangladesh — Amar Shonar Bangla
Ras Behari Bose
- A revolutionary from Bengal, Bose organized several clandestine activities in UP, Delhi and Punjab at an early age.
- Associated with Hardinge Bomb Case & Lahore Conspiracy Case after which he escaped to Japan.
- Founded the India Independence League and organized its first session in Bangkok in 1942.
- Served as President of the Council of Action for the formation of INA, and later handed it over to Subash Chandra Bose.
- Bose died in Tokyo on January 21, 1945.
Sachindra Nath Sanyal
- An associate of Ras Behari Bose, Sanyal organized a revolt by soldiers of the 7th Rajput Regiment in United Provinces.
- Founder member of Hindustan Republican Association. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in Kakori Conspiracy Case in 1925.