Role of Education in Human Values

  • The essence of a good education is to develop human personality in all dimensions, which are intellectual, physical, emotional, social, ethical and moral.
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  • A school is where systematic learning occurs in the earlier year of life.
  • The school provides maximum opportunity and exposure to children. Also, in the school, a child is introduced to members of the community outside his family, i.e., his peer students, teachers and other staff. This enables the child to learn how to regulate his behaviour in society.

Techniques of educational institutional values to impart values:

  • Curriculum
  • Teaching tools
  • Visits and outings
  • Discipline
  • Community work
  • Observation
  • Peers
  • Teachers as role models
  • Dialectics
  • Culture
  • Reward and punishment

Role of teacher in Human Values

  • Provide the right conditions for students to learn.
  • Stimulate the mind of students.
  • Serves as a role model for students.

Learnings about Private relations

  • Friendship is learnt in schools;
  • how to behave with the opposite sex?

Etiquettes and values:

  • In the Netherlands, plastic is not used in class. In the initial years, students are taught to develop sensitive values towards nature in a natural environment.
  • Bhutan, where students follow how to live with nature

Behaviour into attitude:

  • Corporal punishment: When a child, who has suffered corporal punishment, goes to college, he would think it is right to rag juniors; when he becomes a father, he would think physical punishment is the correct way to discipline children; if he becomes a cop, he will think custodial torture is justifiable to an extract confession from the criminal.

Syllabus and textbooks

  • World History: French Revolution- liberty, equality, fraternity.
  • Modern History: Gandhi’s Train to Pretoria – Standing against injustice.
  • Constitutional values: Democracy, secularism and human values (truth, love, compassion).
  • Literature: It helps us understand – human nature and the overall social values of a given era.
  • Science Curiosity enables a person to ask questions about orthodoxy and bad religious practices. In Kerala, the Class 7 social science textbook contained a chapter with an imaginative interview between a headmaster and parents seeking admission. The boy carries a Christian name; the father is named Anwar Rashid, and the mother is Lakshmi Devi. The headmaster asks the father what religion he should fill in for the child in the required column, to which the reply is: “Let him choose his religion when he grows up.”
    • The content of the textbooks plays an essential role in imparting value systems. If a book has a passage, “Papa is coming from the office while mummy is cooking food and Munni is helping mummy.”

Values of sportsmanship, and team spirit.

Value Education

North Korean Government uses textbooks to poison children’s brains against South Korea and the Western World’s liberal values.

Overall development

  • Take them to nursing homes for the inculcation of compassion and altruism.
  • Take them to the museum and cultural centre to inculcate tolerance and secularism.
  • Tree plantation and street cleaning for the inculcation of environmental protection.
  • Yoga to be healthy.

Strength of educational institutions in value inculcation:

  • The first place of formal socialisation
  • More effective due to authority and control
  • Availability of role models in the form of senior, teachers.
  • A person spends large time here
  • It uses well-designed pedagogic teaching methods
  • Peer pressure, mutual comparison and competition.
  • Cognitive methods of debate discussions etc.

The problem in the Role of the education institution

  • Nature of Education
  • Politicisation of education
  • Rote learning
  • Quality of education
  • Access to quality education
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