- In their book “Discovering Psychology,” authors Don Hockenbury and Sandra E. Hockenbury suggest that emotion is a complex psychological state that involves three distinct components:
- Subjective experience: Two people can be angry in two different ways in the same situation.
- Physiological response: Sweating, increase in heartbeats,
- Behavioural or expressive response: screaming, freezing, laughing.
Types of Emotions
Psychologist Paul Ekman suggested that six basic emotions are universal throughout human cultures:
- Happiness and
But many other emotions can be divided into positive or negative.
Positive emotions include
Negative emotions include
Paul Ekman expanded his list to include several other basic emotions, including embarrassment, excitement, contempt, shame, pride, satisfaction, and amusement.