Regional Variations and Schools of Nagara Style Part-I

Central India/ Khajuraho School or Chandela School

  • The Chandelas in the centre of India around 1000 AD created this style of temple construction known as the Khajuraho School or Chandela School.
  • It is made of sandstone.
  • Generally north or east facing.
  • These are relatively modest-looking shrines each having four pillars that support a small mandapa which looks like a simple square porch-like extension before an equally small room that served as the garbhagriha.
  • This temple is in the panchayatana style.
  • The presence of this curving latina or rekha-prasada type of shikhara also makes it clear that this is an early example of a classic nagara style of temple.
  • Examples: Vishwanatha temple, Khajuraho , Kandariya Mahadeo temple, Khajuraho.
image 410

Fig: Kandariya Mahadeo temple, Khajuraho

Western India/ Solanki School

  • There are two schools that developed in Gujarat & Rajasthan these are Solanki school in Gujarat and Jain Temples in Mount Abu.
  1. Gujarat School
    • The stone used to build the temples ranges in colour and type with sandstone being most common construction material employed.
    • Presence of hundred-square-metre rectangular pond(suryakund)
    • A huge ornamental arch-torana leads one to the sabha mandapa (the assembly hall) which is open on all sides.
    • Example: Sun temple, Modhera, Gujarat
image 412

Fig: Sun temple, Modhera, Gujarat

2. Rajasthan School

  • Use of white marble.
  • The walls of the central small shrine are devoid of carving and are left plain as the temple faces the east.
  • The ornamental detail spreading over the minutely carved ceilings, doorways, pillars, and panels.
  • Example: Dilwara Temple,Mount Abu
image 413
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